Help prevent mosquito-borne diseases

As warmer weather approaches, the Fairfield Health Department wants your help in preventing mosquito-borne diseases.

Zika, West Nile, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, St. Louis, Dengue, Chikungunya, and Yellow Fever are just some of the mosquito-borne viruses that can infect humans living in our area or those traveling to affected areas. Many of the diseases these mosquitoes cause can have very serious health consequences.

Preventing mosquito-borne diseases can be achieved by taking two simple steps.

Step 1: start eliminating breeding areas around your home now before over-wintering mosquitoes start laying eggs. Continue checking for standing water till the first frost. Any item or area that has standing water for 7 days after a rain event can be a mosquito breeding area.

Step 2: don’t go outside when mosquitoes are active (between dusk and dawn) but if you do, use mosquito repellant and wear protective clothing such as hats, long sleeve shirt and pants. Keep mosquitos outside by ensuring all screens are in good repair.

Below are tips to eliminate breeding areas in your yard.

  • Empty, drain, remove, cover or turn upside down any container that can hold water. This includes buckets, barrels, flower pots, tin cans, bottles, jars, paint cans, toys, etc.
  • Change water in birdbaths frequently, at least once a week.
  • Empty and refill pets’ water bowls kept outside daily.
  • Store tires inside garage or shed, cover to prevent water from accumulating in them, or dispose of properly.
  • Keep rain gutters clean so that water does not accumulate in them.
  • Prevent or remove accumulation of rain or sprinkler water on all plastic covers or tarps.
  • Drain water from boat covers and other parts of boats.
  • Maintain swimming pools and ornamental ponds properly. Do not let water accumulate on swimming pool covers, be sure to keep pond aerators and pumps running.
  • Empty small wading pools weekly. Store indoors when not in use.
  • Do not dispose of grass clipping, leaves, branches, litter or other items in catch basins, marshes or fitches. This can block water flows and create standing water.
  • Repair leaking pipes and outside faucets. Don’t let runoff water from air conditioners collect in shady areas.
  • Repair faulty septic systems creating wet areas.

It is important to report any standing water on private property, such as abandoned pools to the Fairfield Health Department at 203-256-3020. Taking these steps can greatly reduce the presence of mosquitos and the diseases they can cause.

For more information on the disease mentioned above, visit For questions contact the Fairfield Health Department at 203-256-3020.


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